RAFI

RAFI (abbreviation of Heb. Reshimat Po'alei Yisrael, "Israel Labor List"), founded in 1965 as the result of a split in mapai . The original split was the outcome of ben-gurion 's political fight against levi eshkol over the lavon Affair and of the struggle for succession to the leadership between a group of younger men, headed by moshe dayan and shimon peres , supported by Ben-Gurion, and the party veterans, headed by Levi Eshkol and golda meir . At the Mapai convention in February 1965, the rebels supported Ben-Gurion's demand for an inquiry into the Lavon Affair and opposed the proposed political alignment with Aḥdut ha-Avodah. After their defeat at the convention, they proposed Ben-Gurion's return to the premiership in place of Eshkol. In July, seven Mapai Knesset members (later joined by Dayan) formed a new list, called Rafi, which obtained 12% of the votes at the Histradrut elections in September and ten Knesset seats in November. At its founding convention in May 1966, representing 23,000 members, Rafi called for electoral reform, self-reliance in the field of defense, national health insurance, free secondary education, and modernization of the economy, with particular emphasis on the full utilization of science. It became part of the parliamentary opposition, especially in defense and foreign affairs, sometimes cooperating with Gaḥal . In May 1967, during the prewar tension and the discussions on the appointment of Dayan as minister of defense, Rafi offered to return to Mapai bodies, and when the government was reformed after the 1969 elections Peres joined it. The elections were also contested by the State (or National) List (Reshimah Mamlakhtit), headed by Ben-Gurion, which consisted mainly of Rafi supporters and won four seats. In February 1971 (after Ben-Gurion's resignation from the Knesset) it decided to call itself Rafi-State List. Negotiations after the six-day war led to agreement between Mapai, Rafi, and Aḥdut ha-Avodah. When the united Israel Labor Party was formed on Jan. 21, 1968, Rafi received 21.5 percent of the places on its governing bodies. In 1973 the State List ran for the Knesset as part of the Likud. (Misha Louvish)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rafi — is a male name used among Muslims, Jews, and Hispanics. The word Rafi is of Arabic origin, and its meaning is holding high or servant of the exalted one . Common variants include Rafik , Rafee , Raffi , Rafiq and Raffy . Amongst Jews, Rafi is a… …   Wikipedia

  • RAFI — GmbH Co. KG Rechtsform GmbH Co. KG Gründung 1900 Sitz 88276 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rafi — Nom de personne arabe (rafî ) qui signifie élevé, de grande valeur. Dérivés : Rafia, Rafiai …   Noms de famille

  • Rafi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rafi (homonymie). Le Rafi (hébreu : רפ י, acronyme pour Reshimat Poalei Yisrael (hébreu : רשימת פועלי ישראל), litt. Liste des Ouvriers d Israël) était un parti de gauche israélien, fondé par David Ben… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • RAFI — (Reshimat Poalei Israel Israel Labor List)    A political party founded in July 1965 by David Ben Gurion and seven other Knesset members. The founders seceded from Mapai over the Lavon Affair. Teddy Kollek, its candidate, was elected mayor of… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Rafi — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Rafi Country and Admin Code NG.31.7701464 NG …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Rafi — Rạfi,   Kurzwort für Reschimạt Poalẹi Israẹl [»Arbeiterliste«], israelische Partei, von der Mapai abgespalten, gegründet 1965 von D. Ben Gurion, S. Peres (1965 68: Generalsekretär) u. a., ging 1968 in der Israelischen Arbeitspartei auf …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rafi — Kurzform von → Rafael (Bedeutung: Gott heilt) …   Deutsch namen

  • rafi- — rà·fi conf. TS scient. ago, simile a un ago {{line}} {{/line}} ETIMO: dal gr. rhaphís ago …   Dizionario italiano

  • RAFİ' — Yükseltici. Hâmil. Sâhib. Kaldırıcı, kaldıran. * Esma i İlâhiyedendir …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

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